University of Florida Health researchers recently became the first to temporarily implant a new device in a patient with congestive heart failure, a procedure that one day could help physicians manage this potentially deadly condition.
Physicians in the UF College of Medicine’s department of urology and division of cardiovascular medicine performed the first-in-human use of the JuxtaFlow renal negative pressure treatment device in April after enrolling the first patient in a clinical trial to evaluate its safety and effectiveness.
UF Health hopes to enroll up to 10 patients in the trial. Patients will receive the treatment for 24 hours while a member of the research team monitors them. After the device is removed, patients will continue to be closely followed for a month.
If this trial is successful, further clinical studies will be conducted in a far greater number of patients to fully evaluate the effectiveness of this treatment, researchers said.
The JuxtaFlow system being developed by 3ive (pronounced thrive) Labs LLC, is designed to help restore kidney function and increase urine output in patients who have not responded well to diuretics. Researchers said if successful, it also might offer a less invasive option for treating congestive heart failure patients with reduced kidney function than dialysis, which requires placement of a catheter in a blood vessel. Dialysis also requires the patient to endure long sessions to filter the blood for excess fluid and waste products.
As the heart fails and works less efficiently, the kidneys are also impacted and cause the body to retain water and salt. The body becomes congested with water, often in the feet, abdomen and lungs. To help these patients survive, it is crucial to rid the body of this excess fluid, researchers said.
Patients currently have two main options: drugs to increase urine output, or dialysis.
“This is a brand-new idea on how we can potentially treat these patients,” said Dr. Alex M. Parker, a UF College of Medicine assistant professor and principal investigator of the UF Health portion of the trial. “This could be an entirely new pathway for patients in the future. But first, we have to make sure it’s safe and effective. And that’s what this trial is testing.”
The JuxtaFlow system includes urinary catheters and a vacuum pump that provides mild negative pressure, or suction, that restores the pressure and flow through the kidneys, allowing urine to be produced and excreted.
“In terms of placing the catheter, we’re able to do that with minimally invasive techniques that we’re very used to doing in endourology,” said Dr. Vincent G. Bird, who placed the device in the first patient enrolled in the study. “We’re also able to place it with minimal sedation.”
That is an important consideration, he noted, for patients with congestive heart failure.
The JuxtaFlow system represents a potential new therapeutic option that can directly target reduced kidney function and does not require surgery or a complicated procedure.
UF Health is the first of up to three sites nationally to enroll patients in this trial.
Dr. Eileen M. Handberg, a UF College of Medicine professor who is collaborating with Parker and Bird, said JuxtaFlow could benefit the patient through a more effective, less invasive treatment of congestive heart failure—while also reducing costs.
“Heart failure and heart failure admissions are the biggest health care expenditures generally,” Handberg said. “If we could reduce readmissions because we are able to unload these fluids and keep patients out of the hospital, that would have a tremendous impact on health care expenditures.”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 6.2 million Americans have heart failure, leading to more than $30 billion in annual healthcare costs.